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Common acids

Mineral acids (inorganic acids)

  • Hydrogen halides and their solutions: hydrochloric acid (HCl), hydrobromic acid (HBr), hydroiodic acid (HI)
  • Halogen oxoacids: hypochlorous acid (HClO), chlorous acid (HClO2), chloric acid (HClO3), perchloric acid (HClO4), and corresponding compounds for bromine and iodine
  • Sulfuric acid (H2SO4)
  • Fluorosulfuric acid (HSO3F)
  • Nitric acid (HNO3)
  • Phosphoric acid (H3PO4)
  • Fluoroantimonic acid (HSbF6)
  • Fluoroboric acid (HBF4)
  • Hexafluorophosphoric acid (HPF6)
  • Chromic acid (H2CrO4)
  • Boric acid (H3BO3)

Sulfonic acids

  • Methanesulfonic acid (or mesylic acid, CH3SO3H)
  • Ethanesulfonic acid (or esylic acid, CH3CH2SO3H)
  • Benzenesulfonic acid (or besylic acid, C6H5SO3H)
  • p-Toluenesulfonic acid (or tosylic acid, CH3C6H4SO3H)
  • Trifluoromethanesulfonic acid (or triflic acid, CF3SO3H)
  • Polystyrene sulfonic acid (sulfonated polystyrene, [CH2CH(C6H4)SO3H]n)

Carboxylic acids

  • Acetic acid (CH3COOH)
  • Citric acid (C6H8O7)
  • Formic acid (HCOOH)
  • Gluconic acid HOCH2-(CHOH)4-COOH
  • Lactic acid (CH3-CHOH-COOH)
  • Oxalic acid (HOOC-COOH)
  • Tartaric acid (HOOC-CHOH-CHOH-COOH)

Vinylogous carboxylic acids

  • Ascorbic acid
  • Meldrum's acid

Nucleic acids

  • Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
  • Ribonucleic acid (RNA)

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